What is referencing?

When you write assignments you must provide evidence and information to support your claims. That evidence will come from other sources, and can be presented by

  • directly quoting your source
  • paraphrasing your source
  • summarising your source
  • reproducing a diagram, image or artwork from your source

You must also make it very clear when you are presenting information and ideas from other sources. This is where referencing comes in. Each source you quote, paraphrase, summarise, or reproduce content from must be identified through referencing.

Referencing is a key academic skill. It helps you support your academic work by demonstrating that you've read widely and thus achieved command of the subject matter. Even if you do not directly address or describe the content of a source, you can still cite it to demonstrate you have read the material. For example: