The basics of Harvard UniSA Referencing

Many referencing styles exist, and different disciplines use different styles. This referencing site focuses on the Harvard UniSA Referencing style but information about other styles can be found elsewhere on this website.

How to reference using Harvard UniSA

The two components to a Harvard UniSA reference are:


In-text References

An in-text reference is provided each time you refer to ideas or information from another source, and includes:

  • the author’s family name (not given names)/authoring body or organisation
  • the year of publication
  • page numbers (when quoting word for word; summarising or paraphrasing; or referring to tables, numbers, dates or images)

There are two main ways to present an in-text reference. One way gives prominence to the information by placing the reference at the end of your sentence in brackets:

Families can draw upon different strategies for raising bilingual children (Hoffman 2014, p. 44).

The other way gives prominence to the author by placing the reference in the body of your sentence, with the author's name incorporated into the sentence structure and the date in brackets:

Hoffman (2014, p. 44) identifies different strategies that families can draw upon for raising bilingual children.


The Reference List

Hoffman, C 2014, Introduction to bilingualism, Routledge, London.

The reference list provides full bibliographic details for all the sources referred to in your assignment and each different source you have referenced to in your assignment must have a matching entry in your reference list.

The reference list is titled References and is:

  • arranged alphabetically by author’s family name (or title/sponsoring organisation where a source has no author)
  • a single list where books, journal articles and electronic sources are listed together.

The main elements required for all references are the author, year, title and publication information.

  Download The reference list quick guide for Harvard UniSA.


 For more information and more examples go to the Harvard Referencing Guide UniSA