What is referencing?

In-text references and reference lists

There are two components to referencing:

  • references that appear in the body of your assignment - as bracketed in-text references, footnotes, or endnotes - alongside the information being referenced
  • a reference list or bibliography at the end of the assignment containing full bibliographic details for all the sources referenced in the assignment

You must provide a reference every time you refer to another source or its ideas (that is, any time you paraphrase, summarise, quote or reproduce information from elsewhere).


If a reference appears in your assignment body, a corresponding entry containing full bibliographic details must appear in your reference list.