Information-prominent and author-prominent referencing

There are two ways of incorporating paraphrases and quotes into your work: information-prominent and author-prominent.

Information-prominent is where you paraphrase or quote information from another source and only mention the author in your reference. This gives greater emphasis to the information you're providing rather than the author's role in developing that information:


Author-prominent is where you include the author's name as part of your sentence. This draws attention to the author's important role in developing the information you are using.


Though most academic papers contain a mixture of these two in-text referencing styles, in most disciplines there are usually more information-prominent references than author-prominent ones.